In-depth Guides


Testing your Angular application helps you check that your application is working as you expect.

Set up testing

The Angular CLI downloads and installs everything you need to test an Angular application with Jasmine testing framework.

The project you create with the CLI is immediately ready to test. Just run the ng test CLI command:

ng test

The ng test command builds the application in watch mode, and launches the Karma test runner.

The console output looks like below:

02 11 2022 09:08:28.605:INFO [karma-server]: Karma v6.4.1 server started at http://localhost:9876/
02 11 2022 09:08:28.607:INFO [launcher]: Launching browsers Chrome with concurrency unlimited
02 11 2022 09:08:28.620:INFO [launcher]: Starting browser Chrome
02 11 2022 09:08:31.312:INFO [Chrome]: Connected on socket -LaEYvD2R7MdcS0-AAAB with id 31534482
Chrome: Executed 3 of 3 SUCCESS (0.193 secs / 0.172 secs)

The last line of the log shows that Karma ran three tests that all passed.

The test output is displayed in the browser using Karma Jasmine HTML Reporter.

Jasmine HTML Reporter in the browser

Click on a test row to re-run just that test or click on a description to re-run the tests in the selected test group ("test suite").

Meanwhile, the ng test command is watching for changes.

To see this in action, make a small change to app.component.ts and save. The tests run again, the browser refreshes, and the new test results appear.


The Angular CLI takes care of Jasmine and Karma configuration for you. It constructs the full configuration in memory, based on options specified in the angular.json file.

If you want to customize Karma, you can create a karma.conf.js by running the following command:

ng generate config karma

HELPFUL: Read more about Karma configuration in the Karma configuration guide.

Other test frameworks

You can also unit test an Angular application with other testing libraries and test runners. Each library and runner has its own distinctive installation procedures, configuration, and syntax.

Test file name and location

Inside the src/app folder the Angular CLI generated a test file for the AppComponent named app.component.spec.ts.

IMPORTANT: The test file extension must be .spec.ts so that tooling can identify it as a file with tests (also known as a spec file).

The app.component.ts and app.component.spec.ts files are siblings in the same folder. The root file names (app.component) are the same for both files.

Adopt these two conventions in your own projects for every kind of test file.

Place your spec file next to the file it tests

It's a good idea to put unit test spec files in the same folder as the application source code files that they test:

  • Such tests are painless to find
  • You see at a glance if a part of your application lacks tests
  • Nearby tests can reveal how a part works in context
  • When you move the source (inevitable), you remember to move the test
  • When you rename the source file (inevitable), you remember to rename the test file

Place your spec files in a test folder

Application integration specs can test the interactions of multiple parts spread across folders and modules. They don't really belong to any part in particular, so they don't have a natural home next to any one file.

It's often better to create an appropriate folder for them in the tests directory.

Of course specs that test the test helpers belong in the test folder, next to their corresponding helper files.

Testing in continuous integration

One of the best ways to keep your project bug-free is through a test suite, but you might forget to run tests all the time.

Continuous integration (CI) servers let you set up your project repository so that your tests run on every commit and pull request.

To test your Angular CLI application in Continuous integration (CI) run the following command:

ng test --no-watch --no-progress --browsers=ChromeHeadless

More information on testing

After you've set up your application for testing, you might find the following testing guides useful.

Code coverage How much of your app your tests are covering and how to specify required amounts.
Testing services How to test the services your application uses.
Basics of testing components Basics of testing Angular components.
Component testing scenarios Various kinds of component testing scenarios and use cases.
Testing attribute directives How to test your attribute directives.
Testing pipes How to test pipes.
Debugging tests Common testing bugs.
Testing utility APIs Angular testing features.